Role of Botanic Conservation Gardens
Today about a third of world plant species face a threat of extinction due to devastating human activities that are contributing to the loss of plant diversity at a distressing rate contributing to the reduced ecosystem. The reduced plant cover we are facing in the world to is hugely contributed by our ferocious activities such as over-harvesting and over-exploitation, use of exotic plant specious, land-use change, urbanization, environmental pollution and other activities that are not environmentally conscious. Plants play a vital role in our lives given that they are responsible for cleaning the air we breathe, source of food, medicine as well source of beauty and home to many animal species, therefore, we need to up our efforts to design integrative approaches that are focused on plant conservation particularly the rare species that are facing extinction. To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. Plant botanic gardens have many roles besides protection of endangered plant species and for scientific studies to learn more keep reading the article.
One of the reasons for having plant botanical gardens is to increase the world plant species biodiversity in an attempt to counter the plant cover lose that is contributed by vicious human activities and climate change, today there are over 2500 botanical gardens with over 6 million accessions of living plant, this is equivalent to a quarter of the world plant species which contribute greatly to the conservation of endangered species and diversification of plant species.
The other role of botanical gardens is in scientific research, botanical gardens serve as a taxonomic research center, researchers also find plant botanical gardens important in providing valuable plant ecology data such as a phenological indication of climate change, collection of data that can help them assess plant-animal interactions, data relating to plant physiology among other important data. Another benefit of plant botanic conservation is that it has a variety of plant species that allow scientists to compare a variety of plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The vital role of plant botanic conservation is in the understanding of the threatened plant species, this is made possible by the huge presence of plant species in the botanic garden, botanic garden conservation contribute to the protection, maintenance, and support of threatened plant species mainly through ex-situ conservation which is mainly conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat. Those are some main roles of botanic garden conservation but also important roles of these botanic gardens include spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the need to protect the earth’s plant cover.